MATHEMATICS STANDARDS
GRADES 68
MATH GRADE 6: algebraic expressions
STRAND
CPI
SKILLS
Resources
Expressions & Equations
The goal:
Students will be able to apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions, reason about and solve onevariable equations and inequalities, and represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables. More specifically, students will understand the use of variables in mathematical expressions. They write expressions and equations that correspond to given situations, evaluate expressions, and use expressions and formulas to solve problems. Students will understand that expressions in different forms can be equivalent, and they will use the properties of operations to rewrite expressions in equivalent forms. Students will learn that the solutions of an equation are the values of the variables that make the equation true. Students will use properties of operations and the idea of maintaining the equality of both sides of an equation to solve simple onestep equations. Students will construct and analyze tables, such as tables of quantities that are in equivalent ratios, and they use equations (such as 3x = y) to describe relationships between quantities.
Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions.
Write and evaluate numerical expressions involving wholenumber exponents.
 Powers and Roots
 Base and Exponent
 Evaluate Squares
 Evaluate Cubes
 Evaluating Exponents
 Exponents
 Scientific Notation practice site
Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers. Write expressions that record operations with numbers and with letters standing for numbers. For example, express the calculation “Subtract y from 5” as 5 – y.
Identify parts of an expression using mathematical terms (sum, term, product, factor, quotient, coefficient); view one or more parts of an expression as a single entity. For example, describe the expression 2 (8 + 7) as a product of two factors; view (8 + 7) as both a single entity and a sum of two terms.
Evaluate expressions at specific values of their variables. Include expressions that arise from formulas used in realworld problems. Perform arithmetic operations, including those involving wholenumber exponents, in the conventional order when there are no parentheses to specify a particular order (Order of Operations). For example, use the formulas V = s3 and A = 6 s2 to find the volume and surface area of a cube with sides of length s = 1/2.
Apply the properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions. For example, apply the distributive property to the expression 3 (2 + x) to produce the equivalent expression 6 + 3x; apply the distributive property to the expression 24x + 18y to produce the equivalent expression 6 (4x + 3y); apply properties of operations to y + y + y to produce the equivalent expression 3y.
 Properties of Operations
 Properties Practice
 Solving with Inverse Operations
 Order and Zero Properties of Addition
 Properties
Identify when two expressions are equivalent (i.e., when the two expressions name the same number regardless of which value is substituted into them). For example, the expressions y + y + y and 3y are equivalent because they name the same number regardless of which number y stands for. Reason about and solve onevariable equations and inequalities.
STRAND

CPI

SKILLS
 Resources 
Expressions & Equations
 The goal: Students will be able to apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions, reason about and solve onevariable equations and inequalities, and represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables.  More specifically, students will understand the use of variables in mathematical expressions. They write expressions and equations that correspond to given situations, evaluate expressions, and use expressions and formulas to solve problems. Students will understand that expressions in different forms can be equivalent, and they will use the properties of operations to rewrite expressions in equivalent forms. Students will learn that the solutions of an equation are the values of the variables that make the equation true. Students will use properties of operations and the idea of maintaining the equality of both sides of an equation to solve simple onestep equations. Students will construct and analyze tables, such as tables of quantities that are in equivalent ratios, and they use equations (such as 3x = y) to describe relationships between quantities.  
Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions.   
Write and evaluate numerical expressions involving wholenumber exponents. 
 
Write, read, and evaluate expressions in which letters stand for numbers.  Write expressions that record operations with numbers and with letters standing for numbers. For example, express the calculation “Subtract y from 5” as 5 – y.  
Identify parts of an expression using mathematical terms (sum, term, product, factor, quotient, coefficient); view one or more parts of an expression as a single entity. For example, describe the expression 2 (8 + 7) as a product of two factors; view (8 + 7) as both a single entity and a sum of two terms.  
Evaluate expressions at specific values of their variables. Include expressions that arise from formulas used in realworld problems. Perform arithmetic operations, including those involving wholenumber exponents, in the conventional order when there are no parentheses to specify a particular order (Order of Operations). For example, use the formulas V = s3 and A = 6 s2 to find the volume and surface area of a cube with sides of length s = 1/2.  
Apply the properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions.  For example, apply the distributive property to the expression 3 (2 + x) to produce the equivalent expression 6 + 3x; apply the distributive property to the expression 24x + 18y to produce the equivalent expression 6 (4x + 3y); apply properties of operations to y + y + y to produce the equivalent expression 3y. 
 
Identify when two expressions are equivalent (i.e., when the two expressions name the same number regardless of which value is substituted into them).  For example, the expressions y + y + y and 3y are equivalent because they name the same number regardless of which number y stands for. Reason about and solve onevariable equations and inequalities. 
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