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Monday, March 19, 2012

3-19-2012 WHAT'S A MATTER?

5.2 Physical Science: All students will understand that physical science principles, including fundamental ideas about matter, energy, and motion, are powerful conceptual tools for making sense of phenomena in physical, living, and Earth systems science. 

A. Properties of Matter :  All objects and substances in the natural world are composed of matter. Matter has two fundamental properties: matter takes up space, and matter has inertia.
By the end of grade
Content Statement
Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
The volume of some objects can be determined using liquid (water) displacement.
Determine the volume of common objects using water displacement methods.
The density of an object can be determined from its volume and mass.
Calculate the density of objects or substances after determining volume and mass.
Pure substances have characteristic intrinsic properties, such as density, solubility, boiling point, and melting point, all of which are independent of the amount of the sample.
Determine the identity of an unknown substance using data about intrinsic properties.
All matter is made of atoms. Matter made of only one type of atom is called an element.
Explain that all matter is made of atoms, and give examples of common elements.
All substances are composed of one or more of approximately 100 elements.
Analyze and explain the implications of the statement “all substances are composed of elements.”
Properties of solids, liquids, and gases are explained by a model of matter as composed of tiny particles (atoms) in motion.
Use the kinetic molecular model to predict how solids, liquids, and gases would behave under various physical circumstances, such as heating or cooling.
The Periodic Table organizes the elements into families of elements with similar properties.
Predict the physical and chemical properties of elements based on their positions on the Periodic Table.
Elements are a class of substances composed of a single kind of atom. Compounds are substances that are chemically formed and have physical and chemical properties that differ from the reacting substances.
Identify unknown substances based on data regarding their physical and chemical properties.
Substances are classified according to their physical and chemical properties. Metals are a class of elements that exhibit physical properties, such as conductivity, and chemical properties, such as producing salts when combined with nonmetals.
Determine whether a substance is a metal or nonmetal through student-designed investigations.
Substances are classified according to their physical and chemical properties. Acids are a class of compounds that exhibit common chemical properties, including a sour taste, characteristic color changes with litmus and other acid/base indicators, and the tendency to react with bases to produce a salt and water.
Determine the relative acidity and reactivity of common acids, such as vinegar or cream of tartar, through a variety of student
  1. Atoms and Atomic Structure
  2. Atomic Structure
  3. Atomic Structure and Bonding
  4. Matter Resources
  5. Solids and Liquids
  6. States of Matter Simulation
  7. Gas Properties
  8. Matter Facts
  9. Melting and Boiling
  10. Changing State
  11. Strange Matter
  12. Periodic Table Resources
  13. The Periodic Table
  14. Dynamic Periodic Table
  15. Periodic Table of Videos
  16. BrainPop - Matter and Chemistry
  17. Atoms and Elements
  18. Particle Model
  19. Behavior of Matter
  20. Metals
  21. Acids, Bases, and Metals
  22. Ions in Solutions
  23. Buoyancy
  24. Nova Tech and Engineering
  25. Solutions and Mixtures
  26. ChemEd
  27. Molecularium
  28. The Molecular Workbench

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