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Thursday, January 26, 2012

1-26-2012 Classical Civilizations

Continuing my way through the standards, offering links, lessons, and ideas to help teach the 
Core Curriculum Content Standards
Social Studies Grades 6-8

Content Area
Social Studies
6.2 World History/Global Studies: All students will acquire the knowledge and skills to think analytically and systematically about how past interactions of people, cultures, and the environment affect issues across time and cultures. Such knowledge and skills enable students to make informed decisions as socially and ethically responsible world citizens in the 21st century.
The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China (1000 BCE-600 CE)
Grade Level
By the end of grade 8
Content Statement
Cumulative Progress Indicator (CPI)
3. The Classical Civilizations of the Mediterranean World, India, and China

Classical civilizations (i.e., Greece, Rome, India and China) developed and expanded into empires of unprecedented size and diversity by creating centralized governments and promoting commerce, a common culture, and social values.

Cultural exchange and diffusion dramatically increased, and enduring world religions emerged, during the era of classical civilizations.

Classical civilizations declined as a result of internal weaknesses and external invasions, but they left lasting legacies for future civilizations.
A. Civics, Government, and Human Rights
Compare and contrast the methods (i.e., autocratic rule, philosophies, and bureaucratic structures; communication and transportation systems) used by the rulers of Rome, China, and India to control and unify their expanding empires.
Compare and contrast the rights and responsibilities of free men, women, slaves, and foreigners in the political, economic, and social structures of classical civilizations.
Determine the foundational concepts and principles of Athenian democracy and the Roman Republic that later influenced the development of the United States Constitution.
Compare and contrast the roles and responsibilities of citizens in Athens and Sparta to those of United States citizens today, and evaluate how citizens perceived the principles of liberty and equality then and now.
Compare and contrast the American legal system and the legal systems of classical civilizations, and determine the extent to which the early systems influenced the current legal system.
B. Geography, People, and the Environment
Determine how geography and the availability of natural resources influenced the development of the political, economic, and cultural systems of each of the classical civilizations and provided motivation for expansion.
Explain how geography and the availability of natural resources led to both the development of Greek city-states and to their demise.
C. Economics, Innovation, and Technology
Analyze the impact of expanding land and sea trade routes through the Mediterranean Basin, India, and China.
Explain how the development of a uniform system of exchange facilitated trade in classical civilizations.
Explain how classical civilizations used technology and innovation to enhance agricultural/manufacturing output and commerce, to expand military capabilities, to improve life in urban areas, and to allow for greater division of labor.
D. History, Culture, and Perspectives

Compare and contrast social hierarchies in classical civilizations as they relate to power, wealth, and equality.
Relate the Chinese dynastic system to the longevity of authoritarian rule in China.
Determine common factors that contributed to the decline and fall of the Roman Empire, Gupta India, and Han China.
Compare the golden ages of Greece, Rome, India, and China, and justify major achievements that represent world legacies.
Compare and contrast the tenets of various world religions that developed in or around this time period (i.e., Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Islam, Judaism, Sikhism, and Taoism), their patterns of expansion, and their responses to the current challenges of globalization.
Determine the extent to which religions, mythologies, and other belief systems shaped the values of classical societies.

Please post a comment below if you have a site or lesson idea to share for teaching these concepts.  I would love your input!

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